Skip to main content

Modern Slavery Reporting Requirements: Mandatory Criteria 3: Risk of Modern Slavery Practices

February 06, 2020

Businesses with an annual consolidated revenue of over $100 million must submit a Modern Slavery Statement (MSS) outlining the risks of modern slavery in their supply chain within 6 months of the end of their reporting period (whether that be a financial or calendar year). Read an overview of Modern Slavery Reporting Requirements.

There are seven mandatory criteria for a MSS. This fact sheet provides information on Criteria 3 which requires a MSS to identify and describe the risks of modern slavery practices in the operations and supply chains of your business and any businesses you own or control.

A ‘risk’ that your business may be involved in modern slavery can fall into one or more of the following categories:

  • A risk that you may cause modern slavery practices means the risk that your business operations may directly result in modern slavery practices e.g. your entity may own and operate a factory that uses exploited labour.
  • A risk that you may contribute to modern slavery practices means the risk that your business’s operations and/or actions in its supply chains may contribute to modern slavery. This includes acts or failures to act that may promote or incentivise modern slavery e.g. your business may have explicitly requested a construction company to source the most economical labour for a project and knowingly ignored the fact that workers were being exploited.
  • A risk that you may be directly linked to modern slavery practices means the risk that your business’s operations, products or services may be connected to modern slavery through the activities of another entity you have a business relationship with, even if you do not have a contractual relationship, e.g. your kitchen and bathroom company may sell vanities. These vanities may have been manufactured by another business that uses forced labour.

How do I identify and describe risks of modern slavery practices in the operations and supply chains of my business?

There is no minimum requirement in relation to how many levels in your supply chain you must examine. You need to consider all modern slavery risks that may be present in your Australian or international operations and supply chains. The following two steps provide a starting point:

Step 1: Examine your supply chain to identify:

  • The general sectors and industries your business is involved in.
  • The types of products and services in your supply chain.
  •  The countries and other businesses that are involved in your business.

Step 2: Check which of the sectors, types of products and services, countries and business that you have identified may involve high modern slavery risks. The following are some modern slavery risk indicators relevant to the construction industry to help evaluate your risks: 

Type of Risk


Sector and Industry Risk

The construction industry is considered at a high risk of modern slavery.

  • Long and multi-tiered supply chains
  • Low-tier suppliers may operate in multiple high-risk countries, with low regulated environments, low levels of education and public awareness, and high levels of corruption.
  • Use of unskilled, migrant, temporary or seasonal labour.
  • Use of short-term contracts and outsourcing.

Product and Services Risks

Certain products and services may have high slavery risks because of the way they are produced, provided or used. For example bricks and rubber are recognised as high risk products globally.

  • Cost requirements or delivery timeframes might require suppliers to engage in excessive working hours, make cost savings on labour hire or rapidly increase workforce size.
  • The product or components of the product are made in countries where there is a high risk of labour exploitation reported by international organisations or NGOs.
  • The product is made from materials or using services reported to involve a high risk of labour exploitation by international organisations or NGOs.

Geographic Risks

Some counties may have higher risks of modern slavery, for example, common sources of raw materials used in construction products such as timber, zinc, gravel, bricks and rubber are sourced from countries with higher risks of modern slavery such as Africa, China and India.

  • The country is reported to have a high prevalence of modern slavery or labour rights violations, other human rights violations and/or child labour by international organisations or NGOs.
  • The country has inadequate protections for workers, including a limited capacity to effectively monitor workplace standards and enforce compliance with national standards.
  • Law enforcement agencies are reported to be hostile to workers in at risk industries.
  • The country forces parts of the population to work for development purposes, for example to assist in construction or agriculture.
  • The country is reported to have corruption, conflict and/or political instability.
  • The country has a high prevalence of people who are vulnerable to exploitation because they are impoverished, displaced or subject to severe discrimination.

Business Risks

Some entities may have particular modern slavery risks because they have poor governance structures, a record of treating workers poorly or a track record of human rights violations.

  • A supplier has previously been reported as non-compliant with human rights or labour standards, including by the media.
  • A suppliers procurement and sourcing processes appear poorly managed or inefficient.
  • Workers appear to have little information about workplace entitlements and protections and there is a general lack of information about workplace standards.

For further information HIA members can contact a Workplace Adviser on 1300 650 620 or view the ‘Guidance for Reporting entities’ published by the Department of Home Affairs.

This fact sheet is part of a series on modern slavery reporting requirements aimed at assisting members understand the requirements. More information is set out in:

PreviousOverview | Fact sheet 1 | Fact sheet 2 | Fact sheet 3 | Fact sheet 4 | Fact sheet 5 | Next

Each fact sheet is available to download as a pdf below:

#1 Modern Slavery Reporting Requirements - Overview 

#2 Modern Slavery Reporting Requirements – Do I need to report?

#3 Modern Slavery Reporting Requirements – Mandatory Criteria 1 & 2

#4 Modern Slavery Reporting Requirements – Mandatory Criteria 3

#5 Modern Slavery Reporting Requirements – Mandatory Criteria 4

#6 Modern Slavery Reporting Requirements – Mandatory Criteria 5