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Words you need to know

The language of apprenticeships and traineeships can be confusing. Below are explanations of some common terms you may come across.

Term
Definition
Apprenticeship
A legally binding training arrangement between an employer and an apprentice that combines structured training with paid employment. Apprenticeships usually take up to four years to complete, with training taking place both at the workplace and with a training organisation.
HIA Australian Apprenticeship Support Network
Australian Apprenticeship Support Network (AASNs) are contracted by the Australian Government to provide certain services (such as sign up of the training contract) to apprentices, trainees and employers on behalf of the state government training authorities. AASNs are the first point of contact during the life cycle of the training contract and manage incentives relating to apprenticeships and traineeships.
Block release
Where an apprentice or trainee goes to the training organisation to undertake training for a block of time. For example, full-time for three weeks.
Competency-based training
Competency-based training (CBT) placed primary emphasis on what a person can do as a result of their training and experience. This means that the time required to complete the apprenticeship or traineeship is flexible.
Day release
Scheduled days when the apprentice or trainee attends training with the training organisation. For example, one day a week over six months.
Induction
At the commencement of the apprenticeship or traineeship, the apprentice or trainee will complete an induction with their training organisation, Australian Apprenticeships Support Network and employer. An induction is an introduction to the apprenticeship or traineeship, and outlines everything the apprentice or trainee will need to know about their training and work arrangements.
Off-the-job training
Training that is away from work or removed from routine work duties. This can take place either in the workplace or at a training venue.
On-the-job training
Training and work skills apprentices and trainees receive while they are working.
Probationary period
A period of time at the beginning of an apprenticeship or traineeship which allows the employer and the apprentice or trainee to decide whether they want to continue with the apprenticeship or traineeship.
Recognition of prior learning (or RPL)
The formal recognition of a person's current skills and knowledge, achieved outside of the formal education and training system. A registered training organisation accesses these skills and determines competencies achieved, if any, from the specific qualification.
School-based apprenticeships and traineeship (or SBAT)
Allows students, typically in years 10, 11 and 12, to achieve a state based Certificate of Education while working and training in an industry field to achieve a nationally recognised qualification.
Registered training organisation
A registered training organisation (RTO) who agrees to deliver training to an apprentice or trainee.
Traineeship
A structured training and paid employment arrangement that involves a legally binding contract between the employer and trainee. Traineeships vary in length from 12 months to three years.
Training contract
A legally binding contract for training between an employer and an apprentice or trainee. If the apprentice or trainee is under 18 years of age, and it is appropriate, their parent or guardian must provide signed consent to the apprenticeship or traineeship.
Training plan
Outlines the training and assessment to be undertaken, who will deliver it, where it will be delivered and timeframes for achievement of competency.
Training record
Kept by the apprentice or trainee and used to record the progress and achievement of competencies by that apprentice or trainee, as outlined in the training plan.
User Choice
A departmental program which provides a public funding contribution towards the cost of training and assessment for eligible Australian apprentices and trainees. The program aims to provide funding aligned to the skill needs of industry and respond to changing government priorities. A number of registered training organisations are contracted by the department to provide User Choice funded training for apprentices and trainees, if they and their employer so chose to use these organisations.