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Design for access and mobility - general requirements for access

Minimum design and construction requirements for building work in Class 2-9 buildings to enable access for people with disabilities.

Overview of the Standard 

This Australian Standard provides the minimum design requirements for building work to enable access for people with disabilities in Class 2-9 buildings. 

This Australian Standard contains requirements for continuous accessible paths of travel (stairs, ramps, walkways, handrails etc.), circulation spaces in buildings for people who use wheelchairs and accessible facilities for people in wheelchairs and ambulant facilities.

What does it include?

AS 1428.1 is broken into 18 sections and contains 3 informative appendices.

  • Section 1 deals with what the standard covers, and the terms used in the standard.
  • Section 2 provides details on where this standard is referenced, including the NCC and Premises Standards. 
  • Section 3 lists other standards reference within this document.
  • Section 4 provides guidance on terms and definitions.
  • Section 5 deals with how to interpret dimensions.
  • Section 6 deals with continuous accessible paths of travel. 
  • Section 7 deals with floor and ground surfaces on continuous accessible paths of travel and circulation spaces. 
  • Section 8 deals with how signage should be written and displayed.
  • Section 9 deals with tactile ground surface indicators.
  • Section 10 deals with walkways, ramps, and landings.
  • Section 11 deals with stairways.
  • Section 12 deals with handrails.
  • Section 13 deals with doorways, doors, and circulation space at doorways.
  • Section 14 deals with switches and general-purpose outlets (power points).
  • Section 15 deals with sanitary facilities.
  • Section 16 deals with sanitary compartment for people with ambulant disabilities.
  • Section 17 deals with grabrails.
  • Section 18 deals with assembly buildings.

The standard contains 3 information appendices consisting of 

  • Appendix A provides examples of kerbs.
  • Appendix B outlines the measurement of luminance contrast between building elements
  • Appendix C summarises requirements for walkways, ramps, and landings

Is the Standard referenced in NCC or Other legislation?

Yes, the National Construction Code (NCC) and Disability (Access to Premises – Building) Standards (Premises Standards) refer to this Standard and other Australian Standards as means of compliance with the NCC Deemed-to-Satisfy accessibility provisions.

Who is the Standard for?

The primary users of this standard are architects, building designers, draftspersons, building surveyors and builders. 

Related Australian Standards

  • AS 1428.1 2001 Design for access and mobility
  • AS 1428.2 Enhanced and additional requirements
  • AS 1428.3 Requirements for children and adolescents with physical disabilities
  • AS 1428.4 Tactile ground surface indicators for orientation of people with vision impairment
  • AS 1428.5 Communication for people who are deaf or hearing impaired

Related HIA Information Sheets

  • HIA resource on Premises Standard – what you need to know.

Getting a copy of the Standard

An electronic copy of this Australian Standard can be purchased through the Digital Australian Standards webpage

To find out more, contact HIA’s Building Services team.

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