{{ propApi.closeIcon }}
Our industry
Our industry $vuetify.icons.faArrowRight
Housing industry insights Economics Insights Data & forecasts Tailored research and analysis Advocacy & policy Advocacy Policy priorities Position statements Submissions News and inspiration Industry news Member alerts Media releases HOUSING Online
Business support
Business support $vuetify.icons.faArrowRight
Become an apprentice host Hire an apprentice Why host a HIA apprentice? Apprentice partner program Builder & manufacturer program Industry insurance Construction legal expenses insurance Construction works insurance Home warranty insurance Tradies & tool insurance Member perks Toyota vehicles The Good Guys Commercial Fuel savings See all Planning & safety solutions Building & planning services Safe Work Method Statements (SWMS) Solutions for your business Contracts Online Advertise jobs Trusted support & guidance Contracts & compliance support Industrial relations
Resources & advice
Resources & advice $vuetify.icons.faArrowRight
Building it right Building codes Australian standards Getting it right on site See all Building materials & products Concrete, bricks & walls Getting products approved Use the right products for the job See all Managing your business Dealing with contracts Handling disputes Managing your employees See all Managing your safety Safety rules Working with silica See all Building your business Growing your business Maintaining your business See all Other subjects Getting approval to build Sustainable homes See all
Careers & learning
Careers & learning $vuetify.icons.faArrowRight
A rewarding career Become an apprentice Apprenticeships on offer Frequently asked questions Study with us Find a course to suit you Qualification courses Learning on demand A job in the industry Get your builder's licence Continuing Professional Development (CPD) Find jobs
HIA community
HIA community $vuetify.icons.faArrowRight
Join HIA Sign me up How do I become a member? What's in it for me? Mates rates Get involved Become an award judge Join a committee Partner with us Our initiatives HIA Building Women GreenSmart Kitchen, bathroom and design hub Get to know us Our members Our people Our partners Support for you Charitable Foundation Mental health program
Awards & events
Awards & events $vuetify.icons.faArrowRight
Awards Awards program People & Business Awards GreenSmart Australian Housing Awards Awards winners Regional Award winners Australian Housing Award winners 2024 Australian Home of the Year Enter online Industry events Events in the next month Economic outlook National Conference Events calendar
HIA shop
HIA shop $vuetify.icons.faArrowRight
Most popular products National Construction Code Vol 1 & 2 Waterproofing wet areas AS 3740:2021 HIA Guide to Waterproofing HIA Guide to NCC Livable Housing Provisions Top categories Building codes & standards Contracts & documents Guides & manuals Safety products Signage For your business Contracts Online Digital Australian Standards Digital Resource Library Forecasts & data
About Contact Newsroom
$vuetify.icons.faMapMarker Set my location Use the field below to update your location
Change location
{{propApi.text}} {{region}} Change location
{{propApi.successMessage}} {{region}} Change location

$vuetify.icons.faPhone1300 650 620

Modern slavery reporting requirements Mandatory Criteria 3

Businesses with an annual consolidated revenue of over $100 million must submit a Modern Slavery Statement outlining the risks of modern slavery in their supply chain within six months of the end of their reporting period (whether that be a financial or calendar year).

Seven mandatory criteria for an MSS

There are seven mandatory criteria for an MSS. The information below relates to Criteria 3, which requires an MSS to identify and describe the risks of modern slavery practices in the operations and supply chains of your business and any businesses you own or control.

A ‘risk’ that your business may be involved in modern slavery can fall into one or more of the following categories:

  • A risk that you may cause modern slavery practices means the risk that your business operations may directly result in modern slavery practices – e.g. your entity may own and operate a factory that uses exploited labour
  • A risk that you may contribute to modern slavery practices means the risk that your business’s operations and/or actions in its supply chains may contribute to modern slavery. This includes acts or failures to act that may promote or incentivise modern slavery – e.g. your business may have explicitly requested a construction company to source the most economical labour for a project and knowingly ignored the fact that workers were being exploited
  • A risk that you may be directly linked to modern slavery practices means the risk that your business’s operations, products or services may be connected to modern slavery through the activities of another entity you have a business relationship with, even if you do not have a contractual relationship – e.g. your kitchen and bathroom company may sell vanities. These vanities may have been manufactured by another business that uses forced labour.

How do I identify and describe risks of modern slavery practices in the operations and supply chains of my business?

There is no minimum requirement in relation to how many levels in your supply chain you must examine. You need to consider all modern slavery risks that may be present in your Australian or international operations and supply chains. The following two steps provide a starting point:

Step 1: Examine your supply chain to identify:

  • the general sectors and industries your business is involved in
  • the types of products and services in your supply chain
  • the countries and other businesses that are involved in your business.

Step 2: Check which of the sectors, types of products and services, countries and business that you have identified may involve high modern slavery risks. The following are some modern slavery risk indicators relevant to the construction industry to help evaluate your risks:  

Type of Risk Indicators

Sector and Industry Risk

The construction industry is considered at a high risk of modern slavery.

  • Long and multi-tiered supply chains
  • Low-tier suppliers may operate in multiple high-risk countries, with low regulated environments, low levels of education and public awareness, and high levels of corruption
  • Use of unskilled, migrant, temporary or seasonal labour
  • Use of short-term contracts and outsourcing.

Product and Services Risks

Certain products and services may have high slavery risks because of the way they are produced, provided or used. For example, bricks and rubber are recognised as high-risk products globally.

  • Cost requirements or delivery timeframes might require suppliers to engage in excessive working hours, make cost savings on labour hire or rapidly increase workforce size
  • The product or components of the product are made in countries where there is a high risk of labour exploitation reported by international organisations or NGOs
  • The product is made from materials or using services reported to involve a high risk of labour exploitation by international organisations or NGOs.

Geographic Risks

Some counties may have higher risks of modern slavery – for example, common sources of raw materials used in construction products such as timber, zinc, gravel, bricks and rubber are sourced from countries with higher risks of modern slavery such as Africa, China and India.

  • The country is reported to have a high prevalence of modern slavery or labour rights violations, other human rights violations and/or child labour by international organisations or NGOs
  • The country has inadequate protections for workers, including a limited capacity to effectively monitor workplace standards and enforce compliance with national standards
  • Law enforcement agencies are reported to be hostile to workers in at-risk industries
  • The country forces parts of the population to work for development purposes – for example to assist in construction or agriculture
  • The country is reported to have corruption, conflict and/or political instability
  • The country has a high prevalence of people who are vulnerable to exploitation because they are impoverished, displaced or subject to severe discrimination.

Business Risks

Some entities may have particular modern slavery risks because they have poor governance structures, a record of treating workers poorly or a track record of human rights violations.

  • A supplier has previously been reported as non-compliant with human rights or labour standards, including by the media
  • A suppliers procurement and sourcing processes appear poorly managed or inefficient
  • Workers appear to have little information about workplace entitlements and protections and there is a general lack of information about workplace standards.

For further information, view the ‘Guidance for Reporting entities’ published by the Department of Home Affairs.

This information is part of a series on modern slavery reporting requirements aimed at assisting members understand the requirements. See the related documents contained in the ‘What to read next’ section for more information. 

To find out more, contact HIA's Contracts and Compliance team

Email us

Share with your network:
More articles on:
{{ tag.label }} {{ tag.label }} $vuetify.icons.faTimes
Find the latest expert advice, guides and much more!

Business support


Supporting building professionals with custom built services and products.

  • Contracts and compliance support
  • Contracts Online
  • Host an apprentice
  • Insurance Services
  • Savings for members and much more!

Explore Business support

Contracts Online 


The industry’s go-to digital platform. 

No matter the size of the job, a watertight building contract is critical to protect your business, and the current climate presents a great opportunity to go digital with your contracts.

Take me there

2022 National Construction Code - Volume One

Product comes in an A4 binder and will be mailed to you once it's purchased online. Volume One of the National Construction Code (NCC) relates to commercial buildings – Class 2 to Class 9. The code details technical provisions for...

2022 National Construction Code - Volume Two

Product comes in an A4 binder and will be mailed to you once it's purchased online. Volume Two of the National Construction Code (NCC) relates to residential buildings – Class 1 and Class 10. The code details technical provisions ...

2022 National Construction Code - Volumes One and Two

Product comes in an A4 binder and will be mailed to you once it's purchased online. This pack contains Volume One (commercial buildings – Class 2 to Class 9) and Volume Two (residential buildings – Class 1 and Class 10) of the Nat...

HIA Guide to NCC Livable Housing Provisions

This resource provides practical examples of applying the new requirements and explains common solutions and methods that may assist building practitioners to meet the new requirements for house and apartment designs.

HIA Guide to Waterproofing

Guidance provided by HIA on the changes to waterproofing of wet areas requirements and what they mean for common solutions and compliance.